Tax identity theft may seem like a problem only for individual taxpayers. But, according to the IRS, business identity theft is increasingly becoming common. And identity thieves have become more sophisticated, knowing filing practices, the tax code and the best ways to get valuable data.
In tax identity theft, a taxpayer’s identifying information (such as Social Security number) is used to fraudulently obtain a refund or commit other crimes. Business identity theft occurs when a criminal uses the identifying information of a business to obtain tax benefits or to enable individual tax identity theft schemes.
For example, a thief could use an Employer Identification Number (EIN) to file a fraudulent business tax return and claim a refund. Or a fraudster may report income and withholding for fake employees on false W-2 forms. Then, he or she can file fraudulent individual tax returns for these “employees” to claim refunds.
The consequences can include significant dollar amounts, lost time sorting out the mess and damage to your reputation.
There are some red flags that indicate possible tax identity theft. For example, your business’s identity may have been compromised if:
– Your business doesn’t receive expected or routine mailings from the IRS.
– You receive an IRS notice that doesn’t relate to anything your business submitted, that’s about fictitious employees or that’s related to a defunct, closed or dormant business after all account balances have been paid.
– The IRS rejects an e-filed return or an extension-to-file request, saying it already has a return with that identification number. Or the IRS accepts the filing of an amended tax return.
– You receive an IRS letter stating that there are multiple tax return filings in your business’s name.
– You receive a notice from the IRS that you have a balance due when you haven’t yet filed a return.
Keep in mind, though, that some of these could be the result of a simple error, such as an inadvertent transposition of numbers. Nevertheless, you should contact the IRS immediately if you receive any notices or letters from the agency that you believe might indicate that someone has fraudulently used your Employer Identification Number.
Businesses should take steps such as the following to protect their own information as well as that of their employees:
– Provide training to accounting, human resources and other employees. Educate them on the latest tax fraud schemes and how to spot phishing emails.
– Use secure methods to send W-2 forms to employees.
Of course identity theft can go beyond tax identity theft. Be sure to have a comprehensive plan in place to prevent a data breach of your business, employees and customers. If you’re concerned your business has become a victim, or you have questions about prevention, please contact us. We also discuss this further in our article regarding business theft loss deduction.